Winemaking in Lebanon dates back to Phoenician rule.
The Lebanese winemaking industry has been relatively active in the recent past, with a current count of 60 wineries compared to just 5 in the early 1990s, and a current annual production of 9 million bottles. There’s also been an increased interest in wine culture in Lebanon as wineries have been reporting greater numbers of visitors.
Most Lebanon’s wineries are considered small-to-medium-sized and are known to place great emphasis on the quality of wine, thereby resulting in somewhat conservative quantities being produced.
Lebanese wine has created a name for itself in international markets and is considered a quality ambassador to the country abroad. That said, its production remains rather small, with approximately 9 million bottles being produced annually according to The Union Vinicole du Liban (UVL) statistics
Lebanon has the unique advantage of many microclimates, which allows for wine production in different regions across the country. Most wineries are located in the Bekaa Valley and Chouf region, where a natural water table and clay-calcareous soils—respectively—offer appropriate climates for wine production. More recently established wineries are veering towards Batroun, where vineyards are planted either sea-facing or further inland
Lebanese wine is very distinct in taste. What makes wine what it is is its “terroir”. Terroir is a term given to explain the grapes’ upbringing in a sense; the soil, climate, terrain, and even surrounding micro flora. That said, among Lebanese wine, wines coming from different regions have different characteristics. Here’s a glimpse of the different Lebanese regions:
The Bekaa valley is Lebanon’s most known region when it comes to winemaking. The region uses its own water supply that comes from the melting snow on the Lebanese mountains. Its Mediterranean climate explains the dry summers and wet, cold, winters. Despite its limited rainfall, the Bekaa region is Lebanon’s most important farming area.
The second most wine-producing region in Lebanon, after Bekaa, is Batroun, where grapes are grown at altitudes between 400 and 1,300m, and either facing the sea or more inland. The region’s very diverse character makes it a hub for the birth of boutique wineries and distinct wines.
The terroir in the Mount Lebanon region is characterized by its warm summers and mild winters, which render the grapes distinct in taste. The area is exposed to the Mediterranean on its west and southwest, and has calcareous clay soil that delays the ripening of the grapes and is known to produce more acidic wines.
The South’s famous range of microclimates, along with its valleys and plateaus, give the region great potential in producing remarkable and different wines. Grapes are generally grown at altitudes that range from 600m to 1,300m in soils that also differ from one area to the next.
Although a great number of the grapes grown in Lebanon are originally French (Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, …etc), there’s so much more to the making of wine that sets Lebanese wine apart, and makes it worth the experience. Stay tuned for a closer look at the different regions and their distinct wines!
According to Mr Zafer Chaoui, president of Union Vinicole du Liban, the exceptional weather permits for the Lebanese wineries to produce natural wine with almost no use of chemicals along with a unique terroir in altitude.
The terroir plays a very important role in the taste of the wine (its phenolic composition, fruitiness ….
The terroir is affected by several factors:
- Soil composition
He also specified that Lebanon is an extremely small wine producing country and therefore we have no other choice but to produce high quality wines. Besides, we need to compare what is comparable (we can’t compare a cheap Bordeaux or a Chianti with a “Château” wine).
Furthermore, we shouldn’t forget that Lebanon doesn’t produce colored bottles, corks, caps… all of the packaging materials has to be imported which leads to a cost increase.
Enjoy a bottle from our selection, and live the story of Lebanese Wine
Have you ever noticed how memorable a story can be?
Bring your experience of every bottle to a good end by asking about the story of the winery and that specific wine. By doing so, not only would you be able to appreciate the wine more, but you’ll also be able to make your winetasting experience much more memorable.
Interesting show. Several good surprises, some of which can even be called amazing. Overall Lebanese wine quality still on an upward trend.
Lebanese Wine discovery:
Chateau Marsyas red 2012: Amazing. Elegant and rich, balanced and fault-free. A bordelaise structure with no overextraction, no overoaking. The star of the classic red show. Buy Chateau Marsyas red 2012 online https://www.209lebanesewine.com/products/chateau_marsyas_red_2012_red
Sept Syrah 2016: Wooowww. An attack overwhelmed by velvety and super elegant tannins clearly engulfing and totally covering the structure with a transparent veil of lace; after having enjoyed crossing this golden gate, one discovers a beautiful array of pastel and oil colours with not the slightest clash in site. Akin to the feeling of Colombus discovering the American continent. Yet still very young, but with the promise of extreme greatness. Biodynamic and selective parcel vinification. A marvelously memorable experience. Batroun heights. Buy Sept Syrah 2016 online https://www.209lebanesewine.com/products/sept_winery_syrah_de_nehla_2016
Vertical 33 Cinsault du soir 2015: totally unexpected. Is this wine or some sort of magic elixir. Never has any Cinsault offered this fine elegance with a touch of undescribable lightness combined with a fruitiness you'd think came from a newfruit of paradise. When I say unexpected i mean total departure from any previous conception of wine flavour profile. Is this a wine or a magic brew? Purists could complain about its extreme lightness combined with an unwinelike slight fruity sucrosity; they'd have nothing to compare it with; they would expect a layer of heaviness, a sting of bitterness, something to chew on. But no, nothing of this in this wine light and pleasant enough for any time of day, any occasion, any need to surprise one's senses. West Bekaa grapes. Buy Vertical 33 Cinsault du soir online 2015 https://www.209lebanesewine.com/products/cinsault_du_soir_2015
Sept Obeideh: excellent. Feels like a concentrated thin straight line where you have to search but will be amazed by the mix of flavours you find within the rich and varied structure. It is flexible enough to pair well with foods of both higher or lower richness. Buy Sept Obeideh online https://www.209lebanesewine.com/products/sept_winery_obeideh_2016
Other very good discoveries: (in no particular order)
Syrah du Liban 2012: excellent, totally classic with an interesting syrah typicity. An unmistakably great lebanese red wine. Bravo Faouzi Issa, Domaine des Tourelles. Even better than the 2006 star. Central Bekaa. Buy Syrah du Liban 2012 online https://www.209lebanesewine.com/products/syrah_du_liban_2012_red
Qanafar red 2012: great follow thru after the very successful 2011. Definitely one of the great lebanese bordelais. Slight sucrosity but great structure. Blanc de Qanafar has improved and is vey good. The second red, Paradis has made a huge upwards leap. Buy Chateau Qanafar red 2012 online https://www.209lebanesewine.com/products/chateau_qanafar_2012_red
Muse rose 2016: excellent rose made from syrah monocepage. Elegance, faultless and no heavy acidity. Pity their white and reds are no way near the rose. Buy Muse rose 2012 online https://www.209lebanesewine.com/products/muse_le_rose
Tourba Petit Verdot red 2014: interesting and surprising as a monocepage; this varietal is normally added in very small proportion (typically 5%) to enrich Bordeaux style blends. Here, on its own its not bad at all. Buy Latourba Petit Verdot red 2014 https://www.209lebanesewine.com/products/latourba_petit_verdot
Marsyas B-Qa: amazing second wine in both red and white. You don't feel it's a second wine with the red easily being the best at that price level. Buy Marsyas B-Qa online https://www.209lebanesewine.com/products/b_qa_de_marsyas_2013_red
Musar Jeune: in earlier years I had thought of this line as a wasted attempt at range extension. Not any more. It is now an excellent value line in all of the white, rose and red. A very decent entry level range that will not depreciate the Chateau Musar image. Bravo. Buy Musar Jeune online https://www.209lebanesewine.com/products/musar_jeune_white https://www.209lebanesewine.com/pages/chateau-musar
Bybline red: i could not avoid being attracted this year again by the amazing Musar-style Bybline. The same varietal blend Cabernet, Carignan, Cinsault planted in Wata Joz, kesrouan. It is a Musar near lookalike but with a bit less volatile acidity and brett effect. Those who appreciate the Musar style would enjoy it, particularly at half the price. Amazed it lasted 11 years. Buy Chateau Bybline online https://www.209lebanesewine.com/pages/chateau-bybline;
Karam rose: not bad at all. Faultless and interesting with any food. Buy Karam Rose online https://www.209lebanesewine.com/products/arc_en_ciel_2015_rose
Lebanese wines are definitely improving. There are much more quality wines than a few years ago. But the most interesting aspect is that new styles are appearing and this new variety of taste profiles and experiences is very pleasant. This novelty will not please everybody, particularly those fixated on Bordeaux style, but this extension will help attract a larger number of fans. I think it is great and the industry is going in the right direction.
Don't be surprised that I hadn't mentioned wines of Ksara, Kefraya or Ixsir . Not because I didnt like them, but because they were not offering their best at Vinifest: the two great Kefraya efforts are Chateau 2012 and the amazing Comte de M 2012, both of which were not offered; their entry level Breteche 2015 is not bad at all, but they seemed more interested in selling the label design than the wine experience. Ksara' s Souverain and Troisieme Millenaire seemed to be the same ones offered last year; their Chateau is more than decent but was not given enough boost. At Ixsir I eagerly looked for the fantastic EL 2012, but only the 2013 was on offer, slightly ahead of its top form. A brand that showed excellent follow-on to the philosophy of quality is definitely Chateau Qanafar where all the wines, without any exception, are improving vintage after vintage.
PLEASE BEAR IN MIND THAT THESE ARE THE PERSONAL OPINIONS OF THE WRITER, BASED ON HIS OWN SUBJECTIVE TASTE. I DONT MEAN TO DENIGRATE ANY WINERY OR OVERAPPRECIATE ANY OTHER.
Wine drinking is a multidimensional experience, and is savored by all our senses. The ability to identify the subtlest of flavors and aromas takes a bit of practice but only adds to the pleasure with time. The physical pleasures of the flavor and aroma of wine do also carry a psychological element. In fact, scents that are experienced with wine carry a science that falls back on your archived scents, a fact that renders the ability to identify aromas to be quite relative. The volatile compounds that you sense are similarly found in other fruits or foods that you’ve previously experienced. Interestingly enough, the aromas you identify in a glass of wine might not be the same ones someone else would first pick up from that same bottle.
The aromatic complex coming from wine is mainly due to the grape variety, terroir, and oak. Young wines are generally known to exhibit primary aromas that mainly come from the fruit; such as notes of berry and black cherry. When it comes to white wine, the primary aromas range between citrus to tropical fruits. Additionally, floral and licorice notes are also sensed in a young wine. Coffee, vanilla, or chocolate notes that come from oak are generally considered secondary aromas that come with the aging process.
A great way to pick favorites when it comes to wine is to know a few categories that are based on aroma (setting aside taste, body and color). One way is to identify whether the aroma you’ve identified is off a black or red fruit (in the case of red wine) or, in the case of white wine, a citrus or tree fruit. Based on the notes that you prefer, you can make your selection from the wines that are famous for carrying that specific aroma.
The aroma, though complex, is only part of the entire wine experience, and with time will only serve to enhance it. Keep this in mind with your next selection of wine from 209, and enjoy the discovery!
Wine drinking is a common activity that isn’t limited to occasions. It has become a pleasure in itself, or a means to bring people together, celebrate, or unwind at the end of the day. Considering it to be something that is regularly consumed, you might consider stocking up with a few bottles, and maybe a little more if you enjoy having people over.
You can store bottles anywhere other than the kitchen, boiler room, or anywhere else likely to heat up. Look for a cabinet with the right temperate conditions and that is hidden away from sunlight, and it’ll do the trick. Other than that, here are a few pointers that you might find useful:
1. Store the bottle on its side to maintain the cork seal longer – this is also space-efficient.
2. Store in cool temperature and keep it that way – the rule of thumb goes with a max of 21 degrees Celsius and humidity of 50-70%.
3. If a bottle is already open, pour the wine into a smaller container – less exposure to oxygen would delay it from going bad. Wine would last a few more days in a smaller half bottle and sealed with cork or saran wrap.
4. If a bottle is already open, replace the cork and store it in the refrigerator to slow down the effect of oxygen.
5. Use a vacuum to remove the air from the bottle, and seal it with an appropriate cap.
If you are looking to take things further, then a wine cooler would hold your bottles under a constant temperature. Given that you have the space for it, it would make for a reasonable investment. Keeping these tips in mind, you’ll be able to enjoy wine at home whenever you want, and be able to handle the leftovers. Check the remarkable wine coolers we have at 209! .
1- What, in your opinion, is one thing that truly distinguishes Lebanese wine?
The exceptional weather permits for the Lebanese wineries to produce natural wine with almost no use of chemicals along with a unique terroir in altitude.
2- How does the terroir play a role in differentiating between wines from different areas in Lebanon? How are wines from the Bekaa, for example, different than those in North Lebanon?
The terroir plays a very important role in the taste of the wine (its phenolic composition, fruitiness, …etc). The terroir is affected by several factors including altitude, orientation, soil composition and topography.
3- How do wine-making techniques affect the resulting flavor of the wine?
The temperature of fermentation is fundamental in the quality of the wines especially for the Rose and White as it affects the aromas and the flavors directly. As for the Red wines, the skin maceration period determines the structure of the wine.
4- Why is Lebanese wine perceived as expensive by some drinkers?
Lebanon is an extremely small wine producing country and therefore we have no other choice but to produce high quality wines. Besides, we need to compare what is comparable (we can’t compare a cheap Bordeaux or a Chianti with a “Chateau” wine). Furthermore, we shouldn’t forget that Lebanon doesn’t produce colored bottles, corks, or cap, and so all of the packaging material has to be imported which leads to a cost increase.
5- Why do you think some Lebanese wine drinkers mention that some wines give them headaches?
What actually causes headache in wine is the high concentration of Sulfur Dioxide, which is not the case in Lebanese wines since most of the wineries use less than the permitted concentration. I think this has more to do with an unfounded propaganda. Having said that, we need to highlight that the Lebanese wines are exported to more than 45 countries requiring precise chemical analysis.
6- What makes Lebanese wine worth trying when compared to other wines?
Lebanese wines continue to gain popularity all over the world because of their high quality, the concentration of flavors, and structure. Every year, we witness an increase in the export of the Lebanese wines all over the world.
7- Where is wine-making in Lebanon heading? That is, what are the current trends when it comes to Lebanese wine-making and wine consumption?
No doubt that Lebanese wines are increasingly in demand, domestically and internationally, which leads to an increase in production. However, Lebanon is a small country and the narrow available surface will eventually limit the production. Nowadays, the trend in wine-making tends towards more fruity wines with less use of oak and lower concentration in tannins.
It really doesn’t take much to enjoy a wine date. Make the effort to be in a comfortable setting, pay attention to what you really need to, and the rest comes down to how well you bring out the best you.
Il y a les repas du dimanche. Des grandes tablées, pas mal de bruit au restaurant ou à la maison, des enfants, des vieux, des jeunes et des adultes, toutes les générations réunies. Il y a peut-être même des amis de la famille, des cousins qui sont venus de l’étranger, c’est souvent le cas au Liban.
On va manger. Des mezzés froids et chauds, des grillades, beaucoup de crudités, du citron, de l’ail, de l’oignon, de la coriandre, des épices douces, des abats, des viandes blanches et rouges, crues et cuites, du poisson, des farcis, des frites, des laitages, et j’en oublie sûrement… Les goûts et les couleurs ne se discutent pas, ils se mangent, et c’est là toute la diversité de la cuisine libanaise.
Et le vin dans tout ça ? Qu’est ce qu’on boit ?
D’aucun vous diront de la bière, de l’arak ou du whisky, par habitude, ou parce que finalement le repas traditionnel libanais ressemble surtout à un apéritif géant.
D’autres, et c’est la tendance, opteront pour le vin libanais, parce que c’est plus raffiné, parce qu’il y a un véritable engouement des producteurs et des consommateurs pour nos vins de montagne, pour leur fraîcheur caractéristique, leur fruité tellement gourmand, leurs épices et leur finale d’encens. Parce que c’est de chez nous, et surtout parce que c’est Bon !
Comment résister à la vivacité de nos rosés, avec leur belle acidité sur les tabboulés, les fattouches, les salades d’aubergine, l’huile d’olive relevée par l’ail et le citron. Quel meilleur accord pourrait-on donner à ces mezzés agrémentés de mélasse de grenadine, de coriandre, de crème de sésame, qu’un blanc libanais, ample, gras et complexe comme le sont nos chardonnays et nos sauvignons. Enfin comment mieux sublimer nos grillades et nos ragoûts de viandes qu’avec ces rouges levantins puissants, chargés d’épices orientales et qui ont cette pointe de minéralité en fin de bouche qui les rend tellement fins et élégants.
209 Lebanese Wine vous donne l’opportunité de redécouvrir la gastronomie libanaise à travers tous ses vins, de comprendre la diversité du Liban par son terroir, de vous lancer dans des accords que vous n’auriez pas osés. Essayez d’accorder de la Boutargue sur un Obeideh et vous verrez comment la puissance des œufs de poissons est arrondie par la vivacité de ce cépage d’exception. Proposez à vos hôtes un rosé de Cinsault sur des feuilles de vignes à l’huile, ou une belle syrah bien violette sur des côtelettes d’agneau grillées. Vous pourrez même pousser le vice à glacer un vin doux de grenache bien rouge de nos monastères sur des biscuits aux loukoums… Divin !
Allez, que la Fête commence !
Salim Heleiwa est né en 1973 à Beyrouth et a passé la plupart de sa jeunesse entre la France et le Liban. Après des études commerciales à Nice, il se dédie aux métiers de bouche, dans l’hôtellerie et la restauration. Il sera successivement acheteur de vins fins et spiritueux, sommelier, commercial, restaurateur, glacier artisanal. Il vit aujourd’hui au Liban avec sa famille et s’occupe à temps plein de The Malt Gallery, une boutique à Achrafieh de plus de 2000 références de vins fins.
Food amateurs and wine lovers, the below is for you!
What a good idea to blend two passions: gastronomy and wine. Then, how to transform this cool idea into a fantastic one? Add a pinch of Lebanese heritage, terroir spirit and easy-to-use structure.
We, at 209, are very happy and excited to announce our new collaboration with ChefXChange. To make your holiday season more memorable, ChefXChange and 209 will be bringing you the best of both worlds; food and drink!
First, let us introduce you to our partner, ChefXChange.
ChefXChange is an online platform where anyone can book a chef in just a few clicks. They’re on a mission to define the culinary experience of tomorrow, for anyone looking to host, learn, or entertain, in the comfort of their chosen venue. They provide them with a curated service and personal interaction with the chef making it hassle free, exclusive, and at restaurant competitive prices. Chefs take care of everything from ingredient buying to cleaning up after the event. They are present in Beirut, New York City, Washington DC, London, Dubai and the GCC, along with many travelling Chefs who can visit you wherever you may be in the world.
Through an exclusive alliance with ChefXChange, 209 – the online marketplace where you can find a big selection of Lebanese wines – will put a perfectly paired choice of wines on your table and send a connoisseur to help enhance your guests’ wine-drinking experience. Run by passionate and knowledgeable wine experts who store, deliver and serve wine under optimal conditions, guaranteeing you enjoy only the very best, 209 will take you into a journey deep inside the Lebanese heritage and spirit.
From tips on how to pair Lebanese wine with food, to explanations about the quality, gender and brand of the wine you are drinking, the collaboration between the 2 platforms will be both culturally enriching, and tasty and pleasant. More than only a gustative experience, your dinner will become an informative and dynamic moment.
For this special occasion, we, at 209, will be granting you 10% discount on your first purchase, valid till January 31st of 2017. You just need to enter this code: 209-CXC-f8s9428s
Visit the ChefXChange website and book a private dinner using the promotional code CXC209 to avail of a USD 25 discount on all your bookings worth USD 100, valid till January 31st of 2017.
*Offer valid in Lebanon till January 31st, 2017.